Poster Presentations for Session #1 at 10:00am in Science Hall Commons

Event-Related Brain Potential Modulation During Working Memory Tasks In Multiple Sclerosis

John Solak

Dr. David Shucard

The Event-Related Brain Potentials (ERPs) are extracted with by an electroencephalogram (EEG) can be used to measure electrical brain activity. By administering an n-back working memory task, the cognitive mechanisms of working memory and working memory deficits can be determined. In this study, the impact of mild-severity Multiple Sclerosis on cognitive processes is determined by taking EEG recordings of ERPs during an n-back working memory task and comparing the ERPs to a sample of health control patients. We found that in all three tests, there was a decrease in electric potential as the difficulty of the task increased. Furthermore, patients with Multiple Sclerosis consistently showed lower potentials across Frontal, Central, and Parietal electrodes. This warrants further investigation into the precise electrophysiological changes in Multiple Sclerosis and underlying neural degeneration.

Regulation of FXYD3 Expression in Breast Cancer Cells

Paul Herrmann

Dr. Susan Aronica

Increased expression of the FXYD3 family of proteins has been associated with lung, colorectal, bladder and pancreatic cancers, and recent evidence suggests that it may be elevated in breast cancer cells as well. However, factors involved in regulating the expression of FXYD3 have not been reported.  The initial focus of our research was to examine basal expression of FXYD3 on the surface of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and then assess how levels changed in cells exposed to estrogen, the partial estrogen antagonist tamoxifen, and estrogen and tamoxifen combined. We found that estrogen in combination with tamoxifen increased FXYD3 expression. Investigation into the cellular mechanism behind this increase showed that combined treatment promoted the association of the estrogen receptor with the transcription factor Zeb1. Currently, we are evaluating whether suppression of Zeb1 inhibits the combined effect of estrogen and tamoxifen on increasing FXYD3 expression in breast cancer cells.

An Examination of an Intervention for Bullying Behaviors among Elementary and Middle School Students

Parth Kalia, Melanie LaFornara

Dr. Jennifer Beebe

Attention to bullying and maladaptive behaviors has gained increased attention from professionals in academia and education.  This attention has been further heightened by the alarming increase in school shootings over the past decade (Harlow & Roberts, 2010).  This poster highlights the examination of an intervention that addressed bullying, aggression, and disrespect among 268 elementary and middle school students.  A Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) was conducted with the three points of data collection (pretest, posttest, 3 month follow-up) entered as factors, the eight dependent variables entered as outcomes, and age and grade in school entered as covariates.  The results of the analysis revealed a significant Wilks lambda for the time of the intervention ( = .951, p = .001, partial 2 =.025)demonstrating that there was a main effect of the intervention on the outcomes. Limitations and future directions for research will be highlighted.

Discrepancy within the Self-Monitoring Theory

Tarah Foresta

Dr. Robyn Brouer

Organizations are often places where individuals would like to manage their impressions. Sometimes managing your impression can result in negative work outcomes, especially if your work colleagues do not see you as you intended.  Specifically, this study argues that self-monitors, or those who actively look for environmental cues and use these cues to manage their impression, are less likely to have an image discrepancy. That is, they will be more likely to feel as though they are projecting the image they intended. This will lead to less frustration in their work because they are being seen as they would like to be. However, if someone couples self-monitoring with a pessimistic attribution style, they will more likely have an image discrepancy and therefore be frustrated at work.  Because individuals with a pessimistic attribution style will be more likely to pick up on negative cues in regards to their impression, this will lead to higher image discrepancy and frustration.

Effect of Photoperiod on Life History Traits and Behavior of Aedes aegypti

Kathryn Jerz, Zachary Kozlowski, Austin Nottingham

Dr. Katie Costanzo

Aedes aegypti, the Yellow fever mosquito, resides in southern United States, South and Central America, and it is an important vector of both yellow and dengue fever. It experiences both regional and seasonal variations in climate thus, it is important to study how climate affects this species. We hypothesized that changes in photoperiod would alter population growth correlates, life history, and behavior of Ae. aegypti. We ran a laboratory experiment raising Ae. aegypti in several photoperiod regimens (light:dark) Short day 10:14, Control 12:12, Long day 15:9. Larvae were placed in beakers containing 340 mL of deionized water and 0.03g( 0.0005g) of 1:1 ratio of yeast albumin. Each cup was checked for pupae daily and were placed into covered containers with deionized water to emerge as an adult. Females were given a blood meal on day 10 after emergence and housed individually until death. Development time, adult size, propensity to blood feed, fecundity, and longevity were measured.

My Picture's Worth A Thousand Notifications: An Analysis of Facebook and Twitter Usage

Anne Continetti

Dr. John Dahlberg

Social networking sites have revolutionized the ways in which people communicate and have become a huge part of world society as a whole. While all social networking sites were developed for the purpose of connecting people to one another, each site is used in a slightly different way. This study took Christopher Carpenters 2013 study on Facebook usage as related to narcissism traits and compared the results to a similar survey conducted about Twitter, specifically looking at self promotion, interactions with strangers, checking for comments about the self, seeking self-support, and narcissism. It found that, for the most part, there are significant differences in the ways that people use Facebook and Twitter, specifically in self-promotion, interactions with strangers, and checking for comments about the self.

Anabolic and Lipolytic Effects of Clenbuterol Administration

Bethanne Grimm

Dr. Dennis Koch

Clenbuterol is a beta2-adrenergic agonist that was developed for the treatment of asthma and COPD.  It has also been used as an ergogenic aid because it induces anabolic effects, including skeletal muscle hypertrophy, slow- to fast-twitch transitions of skeletal muscle fiber types, and lipolysis.  Clenbuterol is not FDA approved for use in humans in the United States, so the literature is comprised mostly of animal studies.  In this paper, mechanisms for the anabolic effects of clenbuterol elucidated in animal models, including ERK signaling, calpain 1 and 2 activity, and decreased protein degradation, are reviewed.  In short, there is evidence that clenbuterol administration does result in hypertrophy as well as fiber type transition. However, with high doses, severe side effects may result.  Although human studies are consistent with the mechanisms observed in animals, further research is needed to establish the efficacy and safety of clenbuterol as an ergogenic aid in humans.

Identity Development in Immersion Learning Experiences

Megan Marrano

Dr. Jennifer Lodi-Smith

The current research uses longitudinal survey and qualitative methods to investigate the impact of immersion based learning on personality, identity, and psychological well-being. Students at Canisius filled out a pre-test survey before embarking on their study abroad or immersion trip. Upon their return they filled out a similar post-test survey. These surveys contained measures of well-being, personality, and identity.  Pilot data suggests that study abroad and immersion trips may positively impact identity development relative to students who do not engage in such activities.

Killer Whale Vocalizations during Periods of Reconciliation Echelon Swimming

Brittany Coppinger, Haylee Herman-Haase

Dr. Michael Noonan

Following episodes of intraspecific aggression, orca whales show periods of avoidance that are followed by periods of reconciliatory echelon swimming. The goal of the present study was to characterize the calls produced during such echelon swimming periods. The subjects were two adult killer whales (Orcinus orca) held at Marineland of Canada. Eight aggressive interactions between these two whales were identified from continuous video/audio recordings. In general, there were more periods of silence during reconciliation swims than during the post-aggression avoidance periods. The vocalizations during these periods had lower average amplitudes. High-repetition calls and whistling were more common during reconciliation swims than during post-aggression avoidance. It is hoped that by identifying call patterns associated with agnostic and reconciliation events in captivity, it will be possible to more accurately identify and interpret killer whale vocalization from wild populations.

Attention by Beluga Whales to Human Mimicry Movements

Elizabeth George, Laura Stevens

Dr. Michael Noonan, Dr. Malini Suchak

Mimicry has been shown to promote social cohesion in some animal species. This study assessed the degree to which whales prefer to see their own body movements mimicked. The subjects were eight captive belugas, housed at Marineland of Canada. Over successive tests, a human was positioned 1.5 meters in front of an underwater viewing window. In the experimental condition, the actor mirror-matched her own movements as closely as possible to those of the subject whale. In control conditions, she either re-performed those same movements on a subsequent day, or performed equal but opposite movements to that of the subject. Measures of each whales time spent looking at the actor revealed a clear preference for a human engaged in mirror-mimicry, compared to re-play or anti-mirror mimicry conditions. These results indicate that belugas can perceptually map their own body image onto that of a human. They also suggest a likely pro-social role for mimicry in this species.

I Have Nothing to Wear!

Amanda Steiner, Taylor Speer

Dr. Harvey Pines

Why does a woman look at a closet full of clothing and still feel like she has nothing to wear? Is it because she doesn't want to be seen wearing the same thing on multiple occasions? In our study, we tried to determine when it is acceptable to wear the same outfit twice. We hypothesized that certain articles of clothing and accessories, especially designer brands, may make it more acceptable to wear the same outfit twice in the presence of the same people.We surveyed 150 male and female college students to examine how they would feel wearing the same thing if what they were wearing was "ordinary clothing" or if they were wearing a designer brand. We also examined what the average college student would be willing to spend on a designer brand, even if it meant not owning as many items of clothing.

'Learning Styles and Their Relationship to Academic Major and Choice of Profession'

Derek Maier, Erin Frost, Gabrielle Mesches, Mathew LeFauve, Heather Remchuk, Samantha Wagner

Dr. Susan Putnam

The present study seeks to investigate the relationship among learning styles and choice of academic discipline. It is an expansion on previous research and will incorporate the use of the scientifically validated and reliable VARK and LSI 3.1 measures in the identification of learning styles of college students and professors in various disciplines.  No previous studies have examined this question with professors using both assessments, which identify different categories of learning styles. Data collected from participants in this study will provide potentially beneficial information regarding learning styles of academic professors and their students, which can then be used to maximize the college learning environment. Furthermore, relationships among the different categories of learning styles assessed by the VARK and LSI 3.1 instruments will be examined, thus leading to more efficient and effective identification of learning styles.

GroOperative: Building a Worker-Owned Farming Cooperative in Buffalo, NY

Molly Burhans

Dr. Erin Robinson

This is a presentation about the development of a local start-up worker-owned farming cooperative, GroOperative Inc. 5(a). GroOperative is a multifaceted business that will generate economic growth in WNY through both economically and environmentally sustainable means. Molly Burhans is one of the founding worker-owners and currently serves on the company's Board of Directors. She will present information about the start-up's agricultural system, industrial system, partnerships, business development, and GroOperative's role in worker-owned cooperative incubation in WNY. Furthermore, this presentation will focus on the demonstrable economic sustainability of worker-owned cooperative models and how this model has transformed traditional business practices in parts of the EU and US.

Human Trafficking: The Sex Industry

Paula Castro-Uruburo

Dr. Erin Robinson, Sarah Signorino

Human trafficking doesn't ony happen in third world countries, every year in the United States thousands of people are trafficked into the sex industry. With a three part project I aim to help people understand human trafficking and the sex industry in a more visual and personal level. This project aso aims to help people see the signs that indicate when a person is being trafficked and give them an understanding of many organizations around the country that are working hard on ending modern day slavery.

Hit and run and the case of the fatigue pins:  Introducing analytical chemistry using Case Studies

Caressa Trueman

Dr. Peter Schaber

An example of efforts to integrate the techniques of inductively coupled plasma (ICP), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), and microwave digestion into analysis oriented courses at Canisius is described. The focus is to develop a cluster of experiments that will run through the junior/senior laboratory courses. Experiments within the cluster are based upon the case study method; student groups gaining hands-on experience using the instrumentation. The first case study is based on a college student who was the victim of a hit and run. Paint samples from the vehicle in question and the victims clothing are analyzed. ICP analysis for metal content and evidence of a statistical match need to be made. The second case study involves an industrial customer experiencing fatigue problems in a specific batch of machine pins and is suspicious of the pin quality. Students use DPV to analyze the pins for metal content. Experimental design and results will be presented for both case studies.

Sluts and Studs: The Media’s Double Standard Agenda

Emmalene Carberry

Dr. Melissa Wanzer

Though the term slut is extremely derogatory, it is generally accepted that it is used casually and frequently in today's society. Since language influences thought, as per linguistic determinism, the use of this term and those like it influences how society views female sexuality. But, one of the reasons the word slut is still in use is the media's choice to perpetuate it in a socially acceptable way. This paper offers a critical analysis of how agenda-setting theory allows this phenomenon to occur. The media often chooses to focus on and criticize women's sexuality over men's sexuality which sets the agenda for the public to do the same. The media allows the public to find it acceptable to engage in activities such as slut-shaming, which criticize women for the same activities for which men are applauded. The examples in this paper focus on how the media sets this agenda and the effects it has had on language and thought.

'Just Friends' The Difficulties of Cross-Sex Friendships

Emily Gumkowski

Dr. Melissa Wanzer

Many years ago there was no question about whether or not men and women could have or sustain friendships; no one even entertained this controversial idea.  This was due to the fact that so long ago men and women were not seen as equals and the only time they interacted with one another was under the pretense that they were romantically attracted to each other.  Over time men and women began to work together, go to school together and form relationships other than just romantic ones. However, as much as people have tried to accept this "new way" of relating to one another today, many still do not see it as possible for men and women to have successful platonic friendships.  This paper focuses on three specific difficulties individuals encounter when attempting to maintain a cross-sex friendship: the presence of sexual tension and romantic attraction, societal pressures, and communication challenges and expectancies for these types of relationships.

Women in Politics:  The 'Mean Girl' Effect

Lauren Rachal

Dr. Melissa Wanzer

This paper explores the reasons behind the lack of women holding higher office.  I hypothesize that the phenomenon of the "Mean Girl," as made famous by the film of the same name, and the practice of Relational Aggression amongst women has caused a type of self-sabotage within the group.  The competition between women (which may be a vestigial remnant from our biological past) has kept them from reaching their fullest potentials.  While externally, women may claim "girl power," in the back of their minds, are they "secretly sexist," just waiting for a chink in a fellow female's armor?

Gender Differences in Leadership

Cody Gould

Dr. Melissa Wanzer

Leadership is a difficult concept to define. There are countless tasks, traits, and qualities a person must possess to be an effective leader. This paper explores the challenges women face becoming leaders. There is strong evidence that shows how it is inherently more difficult for women to become effective leaders due to natural, physical and communicative factors. Some of these factors include historical reasoning, attractiveness, voice pitch, and communication styles. Humans have been conditioned to view the stereotypical assertive, deep voiced, attractive, task oriented male as the model for an effective leader. This perception could be changed by exposing people to different leadership styles and embracing both male and female styles of leadership. This paper summarizes scholarship on this topic and offers suggestions for helping women overcome barriers that prevent them from becoming leaders.

Quark Confinement:  Why Quarks Are Never Lonely

Andrew Beiter

Dr. Michael Wood

One advantage of the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is its ability to reconstruct multi-particle decays. For this reason, we are mining the E02-104 data set for the exclusive decays of the omega and f1 mesons.  Each meson has either three or four particles in the final state. Our goal is to determine the reaction rates with CLAS and extrapolate to those for the E12-06-117 experiment, that will run when the CLAS12 detector is built for the TJNAF 12-GeV upgrade. The focus of the latter experiment is to understand the hadronization process from free quarks to color-neutral hadrons. This poster will describe our work using the data mining software developed by the group at Old Dominion University under a grant from the Department of Energy.

Development of the PCAL Reconstruction Software

Craig King

Dr. Michael Wood

The 12-GeV upgrade at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility requires that the CLAS in Hall B be upgraded for the new kinematics at the higher beam energies. The new CLAS12 detector will include a component called the Pre-shower Calorimeter or PCAL. The PCAL will enhance the capabilities of the existing calorimeters and allow for greater acceptance over a wider range of momenta of particles like the neutral pion. The responsibility of the group at Canisius College is the PCAL reconstruction software. This poster will describe the software development and how it utilizes the Service-Oriented Architecture of CLAS12.

Simulations for Kaon Absorption Studies

Danielle Stewart

Dr. Michael Wood

The three pieces needed to determine kaon transparency ratios are the kaon yields, the target thickness, and the detector acceptance. This poster will describe our simulations for the neutral kaon acceptance by the CLAS detector for the E01112 experiment. The experiment was conducted in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility for the purpose of searching for medium notifications of mesons. The reactions are the photo-production of mesons from targets of deuterium, carbon, iron, and lead. Our calculations employ the PLUTO++ software for the generator and GSIM to simulate the detector.